The Three Pillars of Scrum

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The Three Pillars of ScrumThe Three Pillars of Scrum

Scrum is built upon the foundation of empirical process control, which relies on transparency, inspection, and adaptation principles.

These principles are referred to as the Three Pillars of Scrum. This article will explore these pillars and how they work together to create a solid foundation for a successful Agile project.

Table of Contents


Transparency is essential for Scrum to work effectively. That is the case for anything in life. Without transparency, everyone will be in a constant feeling of being tricked.

Everyone involved should be able to see all aspects of your endeavor, including the work, progress, and obstacles encountered. This ensures that all team members are on the same page and that any issues can be identified and resolved promptly.

Transparency in Scrum helps to:

  1. Build trust among team members and stakeholders.
  2. Facilitate open communication and collaboration.
  3. Ensure that everyone clearly understands project goals, requirements, and status.

To maintain transparency, the Scrum team should:

  1. Use a shared and up-to-date Product Backlog.
  2. Maintain a visible Sprint Backlog during the Sprint - Scrum Artifact.
  3. Share progress during the Daily Scrum and Sprint Review.


Inspection is the routine examination of the project's development and work. This expedites the identification of future issues, allowing them to be resolved before they cause significant delays or disruptions.

Inspections can be conducted through formal meetings, informal conversations, or simply by observing the work.

Inspection activities in Scrum include:

  1. Detect issues early and take corrective actions.
  2. Continuously refine the Product Backlog and improve the development process.
  3. Monitor progress towards the Sprint Goal and adjust the plan as needed.

In Scrum, inspection occurs during the following:

  1. Daily Scrum: Team members inspect their progress and update the Sprint Backlog.
  2. Sprint Review: The team and stakeholders check the Increment and update the Product Backlog.
  3. Sprint Retrospective: The team inspects their performance and identifies improvements for the next Sprint.


Adaptation, the third pillar of Scrum, is about making necessary changes to improve the project's outcomes and the team's performance. Based on the insights gained during the Inspection phase, the team adapts their processes, tools, and techniques to optimize their work and deliver better results.

Adaptation can take various forms, such as:

  1. Respond effectively to changes in requirements, market conditions, or stakeholder feedback.
  2. Continuously improve the team's performance and product quality.
  3. Enhance the team's ability to deliver value to customers.

Adaptation occurs throughout the Scrum process as the team adjusts its plans, procedures, and work based on the insights gained from the inspection.


The three pillars of Scrum, i.e., Transparency, Inspection, and Adaptation, work together to create a feedback loop that enables continuous improvement and ensures the team remains aligned with the project's goals. By fostering a transparent environment, the team can effectively inspect their work and adapt their processes to overcome challenges and deliver value to their customers.

Embracing these three pillars is critical to the success of any Scrum project, as they form the foundation of the Agile mindset and promote a culture of collaboration, continuous improvement, and customer-centricity.

Quiz on The Three Pillars of Scrum

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Question: Which of the following is NOT one of the three pillars of Scrum?