What are Scrum Product Increments artifacts in an Agile project?

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What are Scrum Product Increments artifacts in an Agile project?What are Scrum Product Increments artifacts in an Agile project?

Product Increment in Scrum is an indispensable artifact that bolsters the framework's iterative and incremental nature.

The Product Increment signifies all the delivered work items from the product backlog, worked upon by the Scrum Team during a sprint.

Each Increment is a piece of a larger puzzle, contributing to the overall product goal.

The Increment is not just a theoretical concept; it is a working piece of software that adds value to the product, is potentially shippable, and can be put into use by stakeholders at the end of each sprint. The Increment is the sum of all the completed Product Backlog Items (PBIs) that have been developed during a Sprint, combined with the previous Increments.


This continuous delivery of usable product Increments ensures that value is delivered to stakeholders in a timely manner, reinforcing the efficiency and effectiveness of the Scrum framework.

This article will revolve around understanding the meaning, purpose, creation, and impact of a Product Increment within Scrum Artifacts.

What are Product Increments?

Scrum is an agile framework for managing work, with a primary focus on software development. Scrum artifacts are key instruments used in this process, providing essential 'snapshots' of a project throughout its lifecycle, including Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog, and Product Increment.

In Scrum, the Product Increment refers to the culmination of all completed Backlog items during a Sprint, as well as previous finished Sprints.

Complete means it matches the team's definition of "Done".

This working software should be in a usable condition, ready to step into the production phase and go live, regardless of the decision of the product owner.

Purpose of the Increment

The development team determines the nature of the Increment.

The Increment helps to estimate the completion time and guides team members in choosing the product backlog items during the sprint planning session.

The main aim of every Sprint is to deliver the working software product so that it could be released or delivered to clients for early feedback.

For teams practicing Scrum, the production site will likely reflect recent work by the team.

In these cases, the output of the Sprint, a working and usable software product, is the Product Increment.

The Sprint Review, in turn, provides input to the Increment and sets itself up for the delivery.

The Increment serves as the tangible outcome of the Scrum Team's work during a Sprint, providing several key benefits:

  1. Delivering value: Increment furnishes new features, enhancements, or fixes that cater to needs and requirements, giving value to customers and stakeholders.

  2. Measuring progress: Progress can be assessed, allowing the Scrum Team to evaluate their work's effectiveness and make data-driven choices to enhance their processes and outcomes.

  3. Providing feedback: It presents an opportunity for Scrum Team and stakeholders to gather feedback, validate presumptions, and tweak their plans based on real-world data and experiences.

  4. Enabling adaptability: The Increment empowers the Scrum Team to adapt to evolving needs, ensuring they stay focused on creating the maximum worthwhile outcomes.

Characteristics of the Increment

The Increment should have the following characteristics:

  1. Potentially releasable: The Increment should be in a state where it could be released to customers and stakeholders if deemed appropriate, meeting the Scrum Team's Definition of Done and ensuring quality and compliance.

  2. Integrated: All completed PBIs from the existing Sprint with the previous Increments, providing a cohesive and consistent product experience.

  3. Valuable: It should deliver value to customers and stakeholders, addressing their needs and contributing to achieving the product vision and goal.

  4. Transparent: It should offer a crystal-clear view of the product's prevailing state, enabling the team and stakeholders to assess progress, obtain feedback, and make informed decisions.

Importance of the Increment

The Increment plays a critical role by:

  • Fulfilling Customer Needs: Making sure that team's work meets the product's vision and objectives.
  • Encouraging Transparency: Allowing everyone to assess the state of the product, obtain feedback & make aware decisions.
  • Fostering a Culture of Continual Betterment and Innovation: Enabling the Scrum Team to adapt to changing needs and encourages a culture of continuous improvement and innovation.

The Challenge: Product Increment Delivery

In order to deliver a Product Increment, a development team needs to be cross-functional, which can present a challenge within organizational silos.

If an organization or a team is able to deliver Product Increments, new elements potential changes to the "iron triangle", no late delivery, easier reporting on delivery, and diminishing internal silos will begin to emerge within the organization.

Creating a Product Increment: The Process

To create a working Product Increment, the team performs the necessary activities, such as analysis, design, building, integration and testing, during the sprint.

This provides validations for assumptions and feedback, which enables adaptation.

The continuous flow of feedback from these sprints leads to meaningful iterations in development, producing a valuable Product Increment by the end of each sprint.

Outcome of the Product Increment

The Product Increment provides numerous advantages to all Scrum project roles.

Stakeholders and the Product Owner can assess the current Return on Investment (ROI) from the functionality available to customers at the end of each Sprint.

Moreover, team unity fosters along with the evolution of product functionality, fulfilling the promises made in the sprint planning meeting as a team.


Understanding Product Increments is essential in achieving a working software by the end of every Sprint.

It provides development teams the momentum and guidance they need to continuously improve their product with substantiated iterations on the path to an efficient Scrum Process and effective Agile development.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) / People Also Ask (PAA)

Can you provide an example of an Increment in Scrum?

Who is responsible for creating the Increment in Scrum?

Is it required for the Scrum Team to deliver a 'Done' Increment?

How does an Increment in Scrum differ from a User Story?

What is the difference between an Increment and a Release?

How does an Increment compare to a Sprint?

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